Current Research

2015-2021 Research Projects (updated May 2021)

PEM Division:

Graduated Fellow SOC projects:

Sims MJ, Busch C,  Jackson BF, Kumar-Veeraswamy A, Hollinger L and Kane ID. Ethnic Disparities in Pediatric Appendicitis Presentation.

Moake MM, Presley BC, Hill JG, Wolf BJ, Kane ID, Busch CB and Jackson BF. Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Assess Gastric Content in Pediatric Emergency Department Patients.

Monroe AK, Kane ID, Lehman-Huskamp K, Summer A and MenkinSmith L. Estimating Weight of Children in Uganda: Comparing Broselow, PAWPER-XL-MAC and Mercy Methods.

Cummings EC, Russell WS, Ruthford M, Alam S, Rogers M and Borg KT. Delays to Surgical Testicular Detorsion in Emergency Department Patients.

Cummings EC, Russell WS, Ruthford M, Alam S, Rogers M and Borg KT. Survey of EM and PEM providers examining practice variation in testicular detorsion attempts.

Dincman SG, Roberts J, Busch C, Price A. Prediction of Admission Criteria for Pediatric Patients with Croup Requring Two Racemic Epinephrine Treatments.

Calder JK, French D, Price AB, Jackson BF. 911 Utilization with Spanish-Speaking High-Acuity Patients.

Henderson J, Engel S, Birdsong S, Stone C, Marvin W, Jackson BF. Vacation Sedation: Can We Improve the Procedural Sedation Experience in the Pediatric Emergency Department.

Pifko E, Price A, Busch C, Smith C, Jiang Y, Dobson JV, Tuuri RE. An Observational Review of Pediatric Intraosseous Needle Placement in the Pediatric Emergency Department.

Starr RS, Hayden GE, Cina R, Losek JD, Tuuri RE. Analysis of the Vessel Loop Procedure for Management of Soft-Tissue Abscesses.

Hewett KM, Price AB, Tuuri RE, Lehman-Huskamp K. Salicylate Toxicity in Children: Demographic and Clinical Characteristics in the Past 10 Years.

Park DB, Hill JG, Thacker PG, Rumboldt Z, Huda W, Ashley B, Hulsey T, Russell WS. The Role of Limited Head Computed Tomography in the Evaluation of Pediatric Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Malfunction.

Submitted/Accepted/Published:

Titus MO, Burger RK, Taylor TR, Sims MJ, Robinson LC, Caglar D, Chumpitazi CE, Sulton CD, Foutch J, Klein DJ, Mulcrone A, Tunc E, Jackson BF. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Sedation Training: Consensus Educational Guidelines. Submitted, Annals of Emergency Medicine 2021

McLaren SH, Cruz AT, Yen K, Lipshaw MJ, Bergmann KR, Mistry RD, Gutman CK, Ahmad FA, Pruitt CM, Thompson GC, Steimle MD, Zhao X, Schuh AM, Thompson AD, Hanson HR, Ulrich SL, Meltzer JA, Dunnick J, Schmidt SM, Nigrovic LE, Waseem M, Velasco R, Ali S, Cullen DL, Gomez B, Kaplan RL, Khanna K, Strutt J, Aronson PL, Taneja A, Sheridan DC, Chen CC, Bogie AL, Wang A, Dayan PS; Invasive Bacterial Infections in Afebrile Infants Diagnosed With Acute Otitis Media. PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH COMMITTEE. Pediatrics. 2021

Green SM, Norse AB, Jackson BF, Carman MJ, Roback MG; ACEP Regulatory Challenges to Emergency Department Procedural Sedation Task Force. Regulatory Challenges to Emergency Medicine Procedural Sedation. Ann Emerg Med. 2021

Eismann EA, Shapiro RA, Thackeray J, Makoroff K, Bressler CJ, Kim GJ, Vavul-Roediger L, McPherson P, Izsak E, Spencer SP. Providers' Ability to Identify Sentinel Injuries Concerning for Physical Abuse in Infants. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021

Mitchell IC, Norat BJ, Auerbach M, Bressler CJ, Como JJ, Escobar MA Jr, Flynn-O'Brien KT, Lindberg DM, Nickoles T, Rosado N, Weeks K, Maguire S. Identifying Maltreatment in Infants and Young Children Presenting With Fractures: Does Age Matter? Acad Emerg Med. 2021

Moake MM, Price AB, Titus MO, Barnes RM. Point-of-Care Ultrasound Facilitates Management of Ruptured Ectopic Pregnancy. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2021

Moake MM, Presley BC, Hill JG, Wolf BJ, Kane ID, Busch CE, Jackson BF. Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Assess Gastric Content in Pediatric Emergency Department Procedural Sedation Patients. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020

Ramgopal S, Noorbakhsh KA, Pruitt CM, Aronson PL, Alpern ER, Hickey RW.

Outcomes of Young Infants with Hypothermia Evaluated in the Emergency Department.J Pediatr. 2020

Price A, Greene HM, Stem CT, Titus MO. Sticking It Straight: Pediatric Procedure Curriculum Initiative. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020

Allister L, Langhan ML, Rose JA, Kane I, Vu T, Ngo TL, Nesiama JA, Blumberg S, Ciener DA, Titus MO, Nagler J; as contributing authors and representatives of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section of Emergency Medicine Subcommittee of Fellowship Directors. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Fellowship Directors' Collective Statement on Virtual Interviews. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020

Michelson KA, Neuman MI, Pruitt CM, Desai S, Wang ME, DePorre AG, Leazer RC, Sartori LF, Marble RD, Rooholamini SN, Woll C, Balamuth F, Aronson PL; Febrile Young Infant Research Collaborative. Height of fever and invasive bacterial infection. Arch Dis Child. 2020

Richard KR, Glisson KL, Shah N, Aban I, Pruitt CM, Samuy N, Wu CL. Predictors of Potentially Unnecessary Transfers to Pediatric Emergency Departments. Hosp Pediatr. 2020

Green RS, Cruz AT, Freedman SB, Fleming AH, Balamuth F, Pruitt CM, Lyons TW, Okada PJ, Thompson AD, Mistry RD, Aronson PL, Nigrovic LE; Herpes Simplex Virus Study Group of the Pediatric Emergency Medicine Collaborative Research Committee (PEM CRC). The Champagne Tap: Time to Pop the Cork? Acad Emerg Med. 2020

Tobin CD, Alfred M, Wilson DA, MenkinSmith L, Lehman-Huskamp KL, Schaefer JJ, Catchpole K, Zeiler L, Fletcher B, Reves JG. Train-the-trainer: Pilot trial for ebola virus disease simulation training. Educ Health 2020

Bailey K, Williford K, Cawley P, Wain MJ, Lehman-Huskamp KL. Operational Communications: Adapting a Hospital Daily Check-In (DCI) for Expanded Use During Emergency Events. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020

Pruitt CM. Pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: More common than we thought? Resuscitation. 2020

Pruitt CM. MRI/MRS for prognosis in pediatric cardiac arrest: Worth a deeper dive. Resuscitation. 2020

Bailey K, Williford K, Cawley P, Wain MJ, Lehman-Huskamp K. Operational Communications: Adapting a Hospital Daily Check-In (DCI) for Expanded Use During Emergency Events. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020.

Genereux M, Sims MJ, Wolf B, Kane ID. High Flow Nasal Cannula: Too Much Flow for the Floor?" Canadian Journal of RT, 2020.

Lalich M, Streck C, Kane ID. A 13 year old male with hematuria and abdominal pain following low impact trauma. Clinical Pediatrics, 2020.

Picca A, Ruthford M, Ghanim M, Sims MJ, Kanter J. Diagnosis of Hemoglobin M in a Toddler Presenting with Hypoxemia and Hemolysis. In Press. Clinical Pediatrics, 2020.

Sims MJ, Jackson BF. Feeling Blue Despite O2: Consider Methemoglobinemia. Chapter, Avoiding Common Errors in Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 2020

Sims MJ, Robinson LC, Titus MO, Jackson BF. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Training in Procedural Sedation: Is it Time for a Standardized Curriculum? Pediatric Emergency Care, 2020.

Moake MM, Presley BC, Barnes RM. Ultrasound-Guided Posterior Tibial Nerve Block for Plantar Foot Foreign Body Removal. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020

Rose H, Monroe AK, Titus MO and Kane ID. Abdominal Distension and Emesis in a Term Neonate, Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2020.

Sims MJ, Genereux M, Bryant C, Titus MO. An Infant with Fussiness and Poor Feeding Due to Pericardial Effusion and Mediastinal Mass, submitted Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2020.

Sims MJ, Price AB, Hill JG, Hirsig L, Titus MO. Pediatric Ovarian Torsion: Should You Go with the Flow?, submitted Pediatr Emerg Care, 2020.

Frederickson JJ, Monroe AK, Hall GA, Weant KA. Characterization of Emergency Department Rabies Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Procedures and the Impace of Infection Diseases Clinic Referral, submitted 2020.

Cummings EC, Borg KT. Traumatic Fallopian Tube Rupture in a Pediatric Patient, submitted Pediatr Emerg Care, 2020.

Todd SE, Thompson AJ, Russell WS. Retrospective Review for Medication Dose Errors in Pediatric Emergency Department Medication Orders That Bypassed Pharmacist Review. Accepted Pediatr Emerg Care. 2020

Lanata MM, Bressler CJ, McKnight LV, Sánchez PJ, Tscholl JJ, Kasick RT. A Case of Fever, Rash and Painful Limb in an Infant. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2019

Bressler CJ, Letson MM, Kline D, McCarthy T, Davis J, Leonard JC. Characteristics of Neighborhoods Where Emergency Medical Services Encounter Children at Risk for Maltreatment. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019

Bridges EP, Foster CE, Park DB, Lehman-Huskamp KL, Mark DW, Turri RE. Learning to Beat the Shock Clock: A Low-Fidelity Simulation Board Game for Pediatric and Emergency Medicine Residents. MedEdPortal 2019

Cully M, Perry J, Titus MO. An Unlikely Cause of a Blunt Pancreatic Injury. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019

Moake MM. Advanced imaging – MRI in children. In: Woolridge DP, ed. Avoiding Common Errors in Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 1st ed. South Holland: Wolters Kluwer. Accepted.

Cully M, Cully J, Nietert PJ, Titus MO. Physician Confidence in Dental Trauma Treatment and the Introduction of a Dental Trauma Decision-Making Pathway for the Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019

Cully M, Buckley JR, Pifko E, Titus MO. Presenting Signs and Symptoms of Pericardial Effusions in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019

Mink R, Schwartz A, Carraccio C, High P, Dammann C, McGann KA, , Kesselheim J, Herman B; Titus MO (collaborator) Steering Committee of the Subspecialty Pediatrics Investigator Network. Creating the Subspecialty Pediatrics Investigator Network. J Peds 2019

Bridges EP, Foster CE, Park DB, Lehman-Huskamp KL, Mark DW, Tuuri RE. Learning to Beat the Shock Clock: A Low-Fidelity Simulation Board Game for Pediatric and Emergency Medicine Residents. MedEdPORTAL. 2019

Desai S, Aronson PL, Shabanova V, Neuman MI, Balamuth F, Pruitt CM, DePorre AG, Nigrovic LE, Rooholamini SN, Wang ME, Marble RD, Williams DJ, Sartori L, Leazer RC, Mitchell C, Shah SS; FEBRILE YOUNG INFANT RESEARCH COLLABORATIVE. Parenteral Antibiotic Therapy Duration in Young Infants with Bacteremic Urinary Tract Infections. Pediatrics. 2019

Aronson PL, Shabanova V, Shapiro ED, Wang ME, Nigrovic LE, Pruitt CM, DePorre AG, Leazer RC, Desai S, Sartori LF, Marble RD, Rooholamini SN, McCulloh RJ, Woll C, Balamuth F, Alpern ER, Shah SS, Williams DJ, Browning WL, Shah N, Neuman MI; Febrile Young Infant Research Collaborative. A Prediction Model to Identify Febrile Infants <= 60="" days="" at="" low="" risk="" of="" invastive="" bacterial="" infections.="" pediatrics.="" 2019="">

Henderson J, Titus MO. Subdissociative Ketamine for Pain Control with Orthopedic Injuries. Submitted, Pediatric Emerg Care, 2018.

Pifko E and Jackson BF. Urgent Sedation-Unscheduled Procedural Sedation in the Emergency Department. Accepted, Handbook of Pediatric Sedation, 2018.

Bauza C, Yeatts SD, Borg KT, Magwood G, Martin RH, Selassie A, Ford ME Determining the joint effect of obesity and diabetes on functional disability at 3-months and on all-cause mortality at 1-year following an ischemic stroke. BMC Endocr Disord. 2018

MenkinSmith L, Lehman-Huskamp K, Schaefer J, Alfred M, Catchpole K, Pockrus B, Wilson DA, Reves JG. A Pilot Trial of Online Simulation Training for Ebols Response Education. Health Secur, 2018.

Benjamin L, Frush K, Shaw K, Shook JE, Snow SK; Russell WS (collaborator) AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine; AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee; EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee. Pediatric Medication Safety in the Emergency Department. Pediatrics. Pediatrics. 2018

Bruns LA, Isbey S, Tanverdi M, Kane I. Late-Onset Vitamin K Deficiency Presenting as Scrotal Bruising and Mediastinal Mass. Pediatr Emerg Care, 2018.

Russell WS et al. Pediatric Medication Safety in the Emergency Department. AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine; AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee; EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee; Policy Statement; Organizational Principles to Guide and Define the Child Health Care System and Improve the Health of All ChildrenAnn Emerg Med. 2018

Remick K, Gausche-Hill M, Joseph MM, Brown K, Snow SK, Wright JL, (Russell WS Collaborator); AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Section on Surgery; AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee; EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION, Pediatric Committee; Pediatric Readiness in the Emergency Department; POLICY STATEMENT; Organizational Principles to Guide and Define the Child Health Care System and/or Improve the Health of All Children. Ann Emerg Med. 2018

Williams DC, Russell WS, Andrews AL, Simpson KN, Basco WT Jr, Teufel RJ 2nd. Management of Pediatric Isolated Skull Fractures: A Decision Tree and Cost Analysis on Emergency Department Disposition Strategies. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2018

Williams DC, Selassie AW, Russell WS, Borg KT, Basco WT Jr. Risk Factors for Admission and Prolonged Length of Stay in Pediatric Isolated Skull Fractures. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017

Cully M, Jackson BF Newborn With a Rash. Ann Emerg Med. 2017

Schmidt MG, Tuuri RE, Dharsee A, Attaway HH, Fairey SE, Borg KT, Salgado CD, Hirsch BE.Antimicrobial copper alloys decreased bacteria on stethoscope surfaces. Am J Infect Control. 2017

Adams SN, Abel M, Fowler D, Braden J, Ebeling MD, Simpson AN, Titus MO, Andrews AL. Inhaled corticosteroid prescribing in a pediatric emergency department: Sustained success and prescription filling rates. J Asthma. 2017

Hewett KM, Lorenzetti B, Jackson BF. Ataxia and Headache in a Child: A Case of Acute Cerebellar Infarction. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017

Huckins DS, Copeland K, Self W, Vance C, Hendry P, Borg K, Gogain J. Diagnostic performance of a biomarker panel as a negative predictor for acute appendicitis in adult ED patients with abdominal pain. Am J Emerg Med. 2017

Russell WS, Schoessler S. To Give Epinephrine or Not to Give Epinephrine-That Is (No Longer) The Question! NASN Sch Nurse. 2017

Fletcher B, Knight A, Pockrus B, Wain MJ, Lehman-Huskamp K. Hospital incident command: First responders or receiving centers? Am J Disaster Med. 2016

Russell WS et al. Handoffs: Transitions of Care for Children in the Emergency Department. AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine; AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee; EMERGENCY NURSES ASSOCIATION Pediatric Committee.Pediatrics. 2016

Hsu D, Nypaver M, Fein DM, McAneney C, Santen S, Nagler J, Zuckerbraun N, Roskind CG, Reynolds S, Zaveri P, Stankovic C, House JB, Langhan M, Titus MO, Dahl-Grove D, Klasner AE, Ramirez J, Chang T, Jacobs E, Chapman J, Lumba-Brown A, Thompson T, Mittiga M, Eldridge C, Heffner V, Herman BE, Kennedy C, Madhok M, Kou M. Essentials of PEM Fellowship Part 2: The Profession in Entrustable Professional Activities. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016

Chun TH, Mace SE, Russell WS, Katz ER; AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine; AMERICAN COLLEGE OF EMERGENCY PHYSICIANS Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee. Evaluation and Management of Children With Acute Mental Health or Behavioral Problems. Part I and II: Recognition of Clinically Challenging Mental Health Related Conditions Presenting With Medical or Uncertain Symptoms. Pediatrics. 2016

Hewett KM, Titus MO. Acute Genitourinary Swelling and Erythema as Presenting Symptoms of Henoch-Schonlein Purpura. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016

Whitney RE, Burke RV, Lehman-Huskamp K, Arora G, Park DB, Cicero MX. On Shaky Ground: Learner Response and Confidence After Tabletop Earthquake Simulation. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016

Busch CE, Pifko E, Starr R, Russell WS. Pediatric Oral and Mental Health: Comorbidity and Clinical Implications. Accepted, Journal of Health Psychology, 2016.

Hayden GE, Tuuri RE, Scott R, Losek JD, Blackshaw AM, Schoenling AJ, Nietert PJ, Hall GA. Triage sepsis alert and sepsis protocol lower times to fluids and antibiotics in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2016

Tuuri RE, Gehrig MG, Busch CE, Ebeling M, Morella K, Hunt L, Russell WS. Beat the Shock Clock: An Interprofessional Team Improves Pediatric Septic Shock Care. Clin Pediatr. 2016

Price A, Losek JD, Jackson BF. Pediatric Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Syndrome: Varying Patient Characteristics and Diagnostic Delays. J Paed Child Health 2016

Fineman SM, Bowman SH, Campbell RL, Dowling P, O'Rourke D, Russell WS, Sublett JW, Wallace D. Addressing barriers to emergency anaphylaxis care: from emergency medical services to emergency department to outpatient follow-up. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015

Burke RV, Lehman-Huskamp K, Whitney RE, Arora G, Park DB, Mar P, Cicero MX. Checklist use in evaluating pediatric disaster training. Am J Disaster Med. 2015

Marin JR, Russell WS, Lewis RE; American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine; Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Academy of Emergency Ultrasound; American College of Emergency Physicians, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee; World Interactive Network Focused on Critical Ultrasound. Point-of-care ultrasonography by pediatric emergency medicine physicians. Pediatrics. 2015

Marin JR, Russell WS, Lewis RE; American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine, 2013-2014; Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (Reviewers); American College of Emergency Physicians, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee, 2013-2014; World Interactive Network Focused on Critical Ultrasound Board of Directors (reviewers); American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine 2013-2014; Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Reviewers; American College of Emergency Physicians Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee 2013-2014; World Interactive Network Focused on Critical Ultrasound Board of Directors reviewers. Point-of-care ultrasonography by pediatric emergency physicians. Policy statement. Ann Emerg Med. 2015

Park DB, Hayden GE. Ketamine Saves the Day: Priapism in a Pediatric Psychiatric Patient.Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015

Park DB, Presley BC, Cook T, Hayden GE. Point-of-Care Ultrasound for Pediatric Shock. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015

Hayden GE, Upshaw JE, Bailey S, Park DB. Ultrasound-Guided Diagnosis of Femoral Osteomyelitis and Abscess. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015

Jackson BF, Beck LA, Losek JD. Successful Flumazenil Treatment of Paradoxical Reaction to Midazolam in a Child. J Emerg Med 2015

Park DB, Galen FN, Jackson BF. Extraocular Cranial Nerve Palsies in Children: A Case Report. Pediatric Emergency Care 2015

Park D, Russell WS, Borg K. Abdominal Pain Imaging. Critical Decisions in Emergency Medicine 2015.

Park DB, Berkwitt AK, Tuuri RE, Russell WS. The Hateful Physician: Exploring the Role of Affect Bias in the Emergency Department. A J Emerg Med 2015.