PTSD Research Publications

Check Out Some Work That Has Come From Our Lab!


Saraiya, T. C., Fitzpatrick, S., Zumberg-Smith, K., López-Castro, T., Back, S.E., & Hien, D. A. (2021). Social-Emotional Profiles of PTSD, Complex PTSD, and Borderline Personality Disorder Among Racially and Ethnically Diverse Young Adults: A Latent Class Analysis. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 34(1), 56–68.

Saraiya, T. C., Jarnecke, A. M., Jones, J., Brown, D. G., Brady, K. T., & Back, S. E. (2021). Laboratory-induced stress and craving predict opioid use during follow-up among individuals with prescription opioid use disorder. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 225, 108755. Advance online publication.

Lozano, B. E., Allan, N. P., Gros, D. F., Jones, J., & Back, S. E. (2021). Treatment Goals and Alcohol Use Outcomes in Veterans With Comorbid Alcohol Dependence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. The American Journal on Addictions, 30(2), 131–137.

McCrady, B. S., & Flanagan, J. C. (2021). The Role of the Family in Alcohol Use Disorder Recovery for Adults. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews, 41(1), 06.


Brown, D. G., Flanagan, J. C., Jarnecke, A., Killeen, T. K., & Back, S. E. (2020). Ethnoracial differences in treatment-seeking veterans with substance use disorders and co-occurring PTSD: Presenting characteristics and response to integrated exposure-based treatment. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 1–24. Advance online publication.

Flanagan, J. C., Mitchell, J. M., Baker, N. L., Woolley, J., Wangelin, B., Back, S. E., McQuaid, J. R., Neylan, T. C., Wolfe, W. R., & Brady, K. T. (2020). Enhancing prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD among veterans with oxytocin: Design of a multisite randomized controlled trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 95, 106074.

Back, S. E., Gray, K., Santa Ana, E., Jones, J. L., Jarnecke, A. M., Joseph, J. E., Prisciandaro, J., Killeen, T., Brown, D. G., Taimina, L., Compean, E., Malcolm, R., Flanagan, J. C., & Kalivas, P. W. (2020). N-acetylcysteine for the treatment of comorbid alcohol use disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder: Design and methodology of a randomized clinical trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 91, 105961.

Ruglass, L. M., Morgan-López, A. A., Saavedra, L. M., Hien, D. A., Fitzpatrick, S., Killeen, T. K., Back, S. E., & López-Castro, T. (2020). Measurement nonequivalence of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale by race/ethnicity: Implications for quantifying posttraumatic stress disorder severity. Psychological assessment, 32(11), 1015–1027.


Leone, R. M., Jarnecke, A. M., Back, S. E., Brady, K. T., & Flanagan, J. C. (2019). The moderating role of infidelity on the relation between oxytocin and conflict behaviors among substance misusing couples. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 10.1037/pha0000320. Advance online publication.

Jeffirs, S. M., Jarnecke, A. M., Flanagan, J. C., Killeen, T. K., Laffey, T. F., & Back, S. E. (2019). Veterans with PTSD and comorbid substance use disorders: Does single versus poly-substance use disorder affect treatment outcomes?. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 199, 70–75.


Szafranski, D. D., Snead, A., Allan, P. A., Gros, D. F., Killeen, T., Flanagan, J., … & Back, S. E. (2018). Integrated, exposure-based treatment for PTSD and comorbid substance use disorders: Predictors of treatment dropout. Addictive Behaviors, 73, 30 to 35. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.04.005

Flanagan, J. C., Sippel, L. M., Wahlquist, A., Moran-Santa Maria, M. M., & Back, S. E. (2018). Augmenting prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD with intranasal oxytocin: A randomized, placebo-controlled pilot trial. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 98, 64 to 69. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2017.12.2014

Flanagan, J. C., Fischer, M. S., Nietert, P. J., Back, S. E., Moran-Santa Maria, M., Snead, A., & Brady, K. T. (2018). Effects of oxytocin on cortisol reactivity and conflict resolution behaviors among couples with substance misuse. Psychiatry Research, 260, 346 to 352. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.12.003


FlanaganJ. C., Fisher, M. S., Badour, C. L., OrnanG., Killeen, T. K., & BackS. E. (2017). The role of relationship adjustment in an integrated individual treatment for PTSD and substance use disorders among veterans: An exploratory study. Journal of Dual Diagnosis13(3), 213 to 218. doi:10.1080/155042263.2017.1312039

Campbell, A. N. C., BackS. E., Ostroff, J. S., Hien, D. H., Gourevitch, M. N., Sheffer, C. E., … & Book, S. (2017). Addiction research training programs: Four case studies and recommendations for evaluation. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 11(5), 333 to 338. doi:10.1097/adm.0000000000000328

Teeters, J. B., Lancaster, C. L., Brown, D. G., & BackS. E. (2017). Substance use disorders in military veterans: prevalence and treatment challenges. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation, 8, 69 to 77. doi:10.2147/sar.s116720

Badour, C. L., FlanaganJ. C., Gros, D. F., Killeen, T., Pericot-Valverde, I., Korte, K. J., … & BackS. E. (2017). Habituation of distress and craving during treatment as predictors of change in PTSD symptoms and substance use severity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 85(3), 274 to 281. doi:10.1037/ccp0000180


Adams, Z. W., McCauley, J. L., Back, S. E., Flanagan, J. C., Hanson, R. F., Killeen, T. K., & Danielson, C. K. (2016). Clinician perspectives on treating adolescents with co-occurring post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use, and other problems. Journal Of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 25(6), 575 to 583. doi:10.1080/1067828X.2016.1153555

Gros, D. F., Korte, K. J., Horner, M. D., Brady, K. T., & Back, S. E. (2016). Co-occurring traumatic brain injury, PTSD symptoms, and alcohol use in veterans. Journal Of Psychopathology And Behavioral Assessment, 38(2), 266 to 273. doi:10.1007/s10862-015-9513-y

Flanagan, J.C., Hakes, J., McClure, E.M., Snead, A., & Back, S.E. (2016). Effects of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Alcohol Use, and Intimate Partner Violence on Cigarette Smoking in Nationally Representative Sample. American Journal on Addictions, 25(4),283 to 290.


Jobe-Shields, L., Flanagan, J. C., Killeen, T., & Back, S. E. (2015). Family composition and symptom severity among Veterans with comorbid PTSD and substance use disorders. Addictive Behaviors, 50 117 to 123. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.06.019

Back, S. E., Gros, D. F., Price, M., LaRowe, S., Flanagan, J., Brady, K. T., & ... McCauley, J. L. (2015). Laboratory-induced stress and craving among individuals with prescription opioid dependence. Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 15 560 to 67. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.08.019

Lozano, B. E., Gros, D. F., Killeen, T., Jaconis, M., Beylotte, F. I., Boyd, S., & Back, S. E. (2015). To reduce or abstain? Substance use goals in the treatment of veterans with substance use disorders and comorbid PTSD. The American Journal On Addictions, 24(7), 578 to 581. doi:10.1111/ajad.12263

Flanagan, J.C., Baker, N., McRae-Clark, A.L., Brady, K.T., & Moran Santa-Maria, M. (2015). The Effect of Adverse Childhood Experiences on the Association between Intranasal Oxytocin and Social Stress Reactivity among Individuals with Cocaine Dependence. Psychiatry Research, 229, 94 to 100.


Flanagan, J.C., Jaquier, V., Overstreet, N., Swan, S.C., & Sullivan, T.P. (2014). The Mediating Role of Avoidance Coping between IPV Victimization, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse among Women Experiencing Bidirectional IPV. Psychiatry Research, 220, 391 to 396.


Hellmuth, J.C., Jaquier, V.E., Young-Wolff, K., & Sullivan, T.P. (2013). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Clusters, Alcohol Misuse, and Women’s Use of Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26(4), 451 to 458.

Gros, D. F., Milanak, M. E., Brady, K. T., & Back, S. E. (2013). Frequency and severity of comorbid mood and anxiety disorders in prescription opioid dependence. The American Journal On Addictions, 22(3), 261 to 265. doi:10.1111/j.1521-0391.2012.12008.x


Hellmuth, J.C., Stappenbeck, C.A., Hoerster, K.D., & Jakupcak, M. (2012). Modeling PTSD Symptom Clusters, Alcohol Misuse, Anger, and Depression as They Relate to Aggression and Suicidality in Returning Veterans. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25, 1 to 8.

Mills, K. L., Teesson, M., Back, S. E., Brady, K. T., Baker, A. L., Hopwood, S., & ... Ewer, P. L. (2012). Integrated exposure-based therapy for co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder and substance dependence: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA: Journal Of The American Medical Association, 308(7), 690 to 699. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.9071