Surgery Clerkship

Surgery is a six-week clerkship during which students are introduced to the care of surgical patients with an emphasis on establishing a diagnosis, learning the pathophysiology of surgical diseases, participating in the treatment of surgical patients, and supporting patients before, during, and after surgery.

Surgery Clerkship Objectives

At the conclusion of the clerkship, students should be able to do the following:

Medical Knowledge (MK)
1. Apply knowledge of the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and natural history of diseases to common patient conditions listed in the Core Required and Recommended Medical Conditions. (MK3)
2. Describe how altered structure and function (pathology and pathophysiology) of the body and organ systems are affected by diseases encountered in the practice of surgery and how altered structure and function of the body and organ systems affect outcomes and operative risk in the management of surgical patients. (MK4)
3. Describe the scientific principles underlying diagnostic methods, including laboratory and radiologic testing, and treatment approaches (pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic) that may be applied to major diseases and conditions. (MK5)
4. Explain how preventive measures, health behaviors and social determinants affect disease, injury and health in individual patients and across populations. (MK7)
5. Demonstrate knowledge of the scientific method in establishing causation of health and disease, the utility of diagnostic modalities, and the efficacy of therapies (traditional and non-traditional), through critical evaluation of current basic and clinical scientific knowledge. (MK8)

Patient Care (PC)
6. Obtain essential, accurate, and age-appropriate information through history-taking and physical examination of surgical patients. (PC1)
7. Formulate an accurate, comprehensive differential diagnosis that synthesizes relevant patient data (PC2)
8. Develop an appropriate evaluation and management plan utilizing patient information and preferences, evidence-based medicine and clinical judgment. (PC3)
9. Provide appropriate referral of patients including ensuring continuity of care throughout transitions between providers or settings and following up on patient progress and outcomes. (PC4)
10. Counsel, educate, and partner with patients and families to address acute and chronic clinical conditions. (PC5)
11. Perform routine procedures safely and correctly with appropriate supervision. (PC7)

Communication Skills (CS)
12. Communicate effectively with the patient, patient's family, colleagues and other health care professionals through the use of active listening and appropriate verbal, nonverbal and written skills. (CS1)
13. Foster therapeutic and ethically sound relationships with patients through respect, empathy and support of emotions. (CS2)
14. Demonstrate sensitivity, honesty, and compassion in difficult conversations, including those about death, end of life, adverse events, bad news, disclosure of errors, and other sensitive topics. (CS3)

Professionalism (PR)
15. Demonstrate honesty, integrity, respect, and compassion in all interactions with patients, peers, faculty, staff, and other health care professionals in all settings. (PR1)
16. Demonstrate ethical, patient-centered decision-making and respect for the confidentiality of patient information in all settings (i.e., clinical, academic, electronic or web-based.) (PR2)
17. Demonstrate sensitivity and responsiveness to the personhood of the patient inclusive of culture, race, ethnicity, spirituality, gender, sexual orientation, age, physical characteristics, medical condition, disabilities, socioeconomic status, family-context and other aspects of personal and health beliefs, practices and decisions. (PR3)
18. Demonstrate accountability for academic, patient care and professional responsibilities (PR4)
19. Demonstrate responsiveness to patient needs that supersedes self-interest.t. (PR5)

Personal and Professional Development (PD)
20. Acknowledge personal limitations and mistakes openly and honestly, seek and respond to feedback in a positive way, and demonstrate flexibility and maturity in adjusting one's behavior.(PD1)
21. Demonstrate strategies for analyzing, identifying and improving personal deficiencies in knowledge and skills by setting learning and improvement goals. (PD2)

Practice-based Learning (PL)
22. Retrieve, critically appraise, and integrate current, evidence-based biomedical information into patient care, clinical decision-making, and scholarly work. (PL3)
23. Apply principles of medical informatics, patient safety and quality improvement to enhance patient care. (PL4)

System-based Learning (SL)
24. Describe health disparities and health care disparities, how they affect patient and system outcomes, and identify ways to effectively address disparities. (SL4)

Interprofessional Collaboration (IP)
25. Define the roles and responsibilities of various health professionals in the healthcare team.( IP1)
26. Work with other health professionals to establish and maintain a climate of mutual respect, dignity, diversity, ethical integrity, and trust. (IP2)
27. Communicate effectively and respectfully with other health professionals in a responsive and responsible manner. (IP3)
28. Collaborate with other health professionals and health care teams to deliver quality patient care and improve system performance. (IP4)

Surgery Clerkship pxdx log Table Image